English        Spanish        French        Italian        Portuguese    

English        Spanish        French        Italian        Portuguese   

Emotional repercussions and quality of life in children and adolescents undergoing hemodialysis or after kidney transplantation

ROTELLA, A. A. F.  et al.  Emotional repercussions and quality of life in children and adolescents undergoing hemodialysis or after kidney transplantation. Rev. paul. pediatr. vol.38  São Paulo  2020  Epub Nov 25, 2019.

Available on: https://doi.org/10.1590/1984-0462/2020/38/2018221 

Objective: To investigate the emotional repercussions and quality of life (QOL) associated with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in children and adolescents undergoing hemodialysis or a kidney transplant (TX). Methods: We conducted a quantitative-qualitative study. 48 children and adolescents with ESKD were interviewed; half of them underwent hemodialysis treatment, and the other half had a kidney transplantation. Their respective 48 caregivers also participated in the study. The questionnaire involved both the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory and the Thematic Drawing-and-Story Procedure. An analysis of the QOL questionnaire’s results was done by comparing the sum of points between groups and the Thematic Drawing-and-Story Procedure consisted of interpreting the data contained in the material using Freudian and Lacanian theories. Results: In the QOL questionnaires, the total score was higher in the transplanted patients and in their caregivers, suggesting a perception of better QOL after kidney transplantation. In the specific aspects of the questionnaire, physical capacity was considered superior by children who underwent transplants and their caregivers. There were no differences between the groups in the emotional, social and school aspects. However, the caregivers of the patients who had a transplant perceived a significant difference in QOL in the school aspect. In the Thematic Drawing-and-Story Procedure, emotional suffering in the two analyzed groups was evidenced regardless of the treatment. Conclusions: Despite the questionnaire results suggesting that transplantation does improve some aspects of QOL, there were no differences observed between kidney replacement therapies regarding the emotional repercussion of chronic kidney disease.

Walter Trinca Copyright 2001 – All rights reserved.

Developed by BAUM Marketing