English        Spanish        French        Italian        Portuguese    

English        Spanish        French        Italian        Portuguese   

Emotional Distress in the Relationship of Caregivers and Institutionalized Babies

NASCIMENTO, R. A. et al. Emotional Distress in the Relationship of Caregivers and Institutionalized Babies. Journal List – Front Psychiatry, v.11; 2020. 

Available on: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7197500/

Institutionalization is an exceptional and temporary measure that occurs when there is a violation of rights; lasting until the family reintegration or, in the impossibility of this, the placement in a substitute family through adoption. Among the main reasons for institutionalization in Brazil are the financial difficulties, abandonment, domestic violence, drug addiction, homelessness of the responsible for the child, sexual abuse, and the loss of parents by death or imprisonment. Although children and adolescents have their rights assured when they are institutionalized, the care provided in these spaces does not include all their needs and demands, which may damage their affective-relational development. Maternal deprivation in the first years of life can be detrimental to the development of these children, if not provided by adequate substitute care. Therefore, to understand which place the institutionalized baby occupies in the imaginary of the social caregivers and, from this, how is established the relationship regarding the care, is of fundamental importance to assess and address the risk factors in child development at this stage of life and in the situation of institutionalization. This is an exploratory and descriptive study, developed in a childcare institution, located in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, capable of accommodating up to 20 babies between 0 and 2 years old. Data collection was performed with nine employees, eight social caregivers and one general service assistant who work directly in the care of the institutionalized babies. Thematic Drawing-and-Story Procedure were used. Qualitative analysis was based on Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The appreciation of the nine applied Thematic Drawing-and-Story Procedure allowed the establishment of three discussion axes representations of baby, baby care, and early separation process. This study concluded that the difficulties that permeate the context of caregivers’ work are the high turnover of institutionalized children, as well as employees, the difficulty of dealing with processes of bonding and breaking bonds and no recognition of the profession. We highlight that the place that these babies occupy in the imaginary of these caregivers influences the bond they establish with the children hence the care offered to the babies. It is also noteworthy that these caregivers exhibited anguish and suffering from the reasons they believed led the children to be institutionalized.

Walter Trinca Copyright 2001 – All rights reserved.

Developed by BAUM Marketing